GACP-GMP Definitions and Appendices

Good Agricultural Collection Practices and Good Manufacturing Practices (GACP-GMP) for botanical materials

Botanical agricultural, collection and manufacturing practices have wide-ranging impacts on product quality, native and regional communities and the environment. AHPA's Guidance on Good Agricultural and Collection Practices and Good Manufacturing Practices for Botanical Materials provides a template for small and large growers, harvesters, and processors to implement and document best practices. The guidance and accompanying assessment tools help the industry ensure that herbal raw materials used in consumer products are accurately identified, not adulterated with contaminants that may present a public health risk, and fully conform to all quality characteristics for which they are represented.

GACP-GMP Guidance & Combined Assessment Tools

GACP-GMP Individual Assessment Tools

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GACP-GMP Definitions and Appendices

Definitions of various terms used in the GACP-GMP guidance

Published: Tuesday, May 25, 2021


US laws and regulations establish specialized definitions for various words and phrases, which are key to proper understanding of the applicable legal and regulatory requirements; in addition, some terms are unique to the botanical industry and may be unfamiliar to most English speakers. The entries included define what is meant by various terms used in the document. Where quotation marks are used within the definitions, these indicate other terms with specialized meanings whose definitions are also provided here and should be consulted.


  • Appendix 1: Covered produce subject to 21 CFR Part 112
  • Appendix 2: Farms exempt from 21 CFR Part 112
  • Appendix 3: Food facility registration requirements
  • Appendix 4: Exemptions from 21 CFR Part 117
  • Appendix 5: Sources of specifications and test methods
  • Appendix 6: Other good agricultural practice guidelines
  • Appendix 7: Preparation of voucher specimens
  • Appendix 8 Prevention and reduction of pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA) contamination

Download GACP-GMP Definitions and Appendices


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