Section 4: Wild Collection Assessment Tool

Good Agricultural Collection Practices and Good Manufacturing Practices (GACP-GMP) for botanical materials

Botanical agricultural, collection and manufacturing practices have wide-ranging impacts on product quality, native and regional communities and the environment. AHPA's Guidance on Good Agricultural and Collection Practices and Good Manufacturing Practices for Botanical Materials provides a template for small and large growers, harvesters, and processors to implement and document best practices. The guidance and accompanying assessment tools help the industry ensure that herbal raw materials used in consumer products are accurately identified, not adulterated with contaminants that may present a public health risk, and fully conform to all quality characteristics for which they are represented.

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Section 4: Wild Collection Assessment Tool

Consideration of relevant factors will help ensure wild collection operations yield properly identified botanicals materials of the desired quality in a sustainable manner

Published: Tuesday, May 25, 2021

This form is for use in conjunction with Section 4 Wild Collection, AHPA Good agricultural collection practices and good manufacturing practices for botanical materials. Supporting information for specific elements can be attached to this form.

Many botanicals in trade are collected in the wild rather than cultivated. From the choice of collection location to the collection techniques used, careful consideration of the relevant factors will help ensure the wild collection operation yields properly identified botanicals materials of the desired quality, and is able to do so year after year on a sustainable basis.

Wild collectors of fresh produce such as blueberries may be (depending on certain exemptions) subject to specific agricultural practice requirements established in 21 CFR Part 112. Whether or not Part 112 applies, this section outlines recommended practices to ensure the identity, quality and sustainability of the crops produced.

Whether wild collection occurs on public or private property, the wild collector must conform to rules established by federal, state and local governments, and by land managers and owners.

Collectors should select harvest sites where the target plant can be readily found and is also likely to be of good quality and free of pollution and other deleterious contaminants. Choice of collection site can impact the marketability of the material.

Collectors of wild plants should apply collection practices that address not only their need to gain economic benefits from the sale of wild-harvested plants, but that also make sure that each of the collected species survives. In addition to preserving (or preferably enhancing) plant populations, collection practices should also minimize damage to the local habitat.

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